THE USE OF LEARNING SPEAKING STRATEGIES BY MALE AND FEMALE STUDENTS OF THE FIFTH SEMESTER ENGLISH EDUCATION STUDY PROGRAM IN MUHAMMADIYAH UNIVERSITY OF KOTABUMI
Speaking is a natural ability possessed by every human being. Speaking is seen as a necessary positive personal characteristic. In speaking, there are several types including imitative, intensive, responsive, interactive and extensive, this type is one of the things that can support the ability to learn and speak in English. This is what makes researchers interested in raising the title of the study to find out what strategies are used by male and female when speaking. This study uses a qualitative research method by taking six students of the 5th semester English education study program class 2019 Muhammadiyah University of Kotabumi, three males and three females. Researchers used triangulation techniques, namely, observation, interview and questionnaire. Data analysis was carried out in several stages, namely, translating data, reducing data, displaying data, and drawing conclusions. The results showed that the researchers found differences in the strategies used by male and female students in the process of learning English. Male students use more metacognitive strategies to improve learning abilities and scores than female students, male students also do not use affective strategies in the learning process due to the ineffectiveness of these strategies. While female students use affective strategies in their learning process. On the other hand there are similarities in the use of strategies in learning but the lack of application and training so that there are differences in abilities and results obtained by each student.